Am I not able to be as this raven and so hide my brother's naked corpse?
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And he became repentant. For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind.
Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs of Allah's Sovereignty , but afterwards lo! Surah Pickthall. What is the reason for this discrepancy? Still, it is natural to wonder why Muhammad related the incident of the first murder of human history in one of the concluding chapters of his book and did not mention it in the early period of the supposed celestial dictation.
What caused this delay and the last-minute addition of the account? Being mostly concerned with legal matters, this particular chapter contains various commandments that constitute an important part of the Islamic law.
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The law-oriented nature of the Surah is apparent even in its opening verse, which declares certain things unlawful for Muhammad's followers:. O ye who believe!
Fulfil your indentures. The beast of cattle is made lawful unto you for food except that which is announced unto you herein , game being unlawful when ye are on the pilgrimage. Allah ordaineth that which pleaseth Him. After a few verses exhibiting Muhammad's fury towards the People of the Book who did not accept his claims of being the final prophet verses , Surah 5 starts talking about the Israelites' disobedience to their leader Moses after the Exodus from Egypt verse 20 and attempts to explain why they had to wander in the wilderness for forty years before entering the Promised Land.
Their Lord said: For this the land will surely be forbidden them for forty years that they will wander in the earth , bewildered. So grieve not over the wrongdoing folk. In both narratives God chose to punish sinners Cain in the first incident and the nation of Israel in the second by making them wander in the earth for an appointed time. The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled out of the land.
Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom Surah Pickthall. Interestingly, this verse includes one's banishment from his land into the means of the sinners' punishment. If we get back to the narrative about Adam's two sons in Surah 5, we see that it actually ends in verse 31 where Cain is stated to feel repentant after seeing a crow bury its friend.
What is the reason underlying this chronological gap? A similar question is how Muhammad managed to draw a one-to-one relation between the narrative of the first murder in human history and a specific statement prescribed only for the Children of Israel. It is impossible to solve this mysterious jump in Muhammad's mind from Adam's two sons to a teaching delivered to the Israelites at Moses' time without taking into consideration the influence of Talmudic Judaism on Muhammad's view of the Jewish tenets.
Scholars who were familiar with the Talmudic Judaism and had read this commentary instantly recognized and highlighted the vague association between the story of Adam's two sons and the curious reference to the prescription in Surah while talking about Muhammad's plagiarism from both the Hebrew Bible and the Jewish traditional commentaries. After quoting Surah , he wrote:. At first sight this verse seems to have no connection with the preceding narrative.
Why the life or death of one should be as the salvation or destruction of all mankind is not at all clear.
When we turn to another Jewish record, however, we find the link between the story and what follows. Once again we find that it derives from a strange interpretation of a Biblical verse. We read: We find it said in the case of Cain who murdered his brother, 'The voice of thy brother's bloods crieth' Genesis 4. It is not said here blood in the singular, but bloods in the plural, that is, his own blood and the blood of his seed. Man was created single in order to show that to him who kills a single individual it shall be reckoned that he has slain the whole race, but to him who preserves the life of a single individual it is counted that he hath preserved the whole race.
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Mishnah Sanhedrin, 4. In other words, he accidentally borrowed a non-biblical statement and treated it as if it were a part of the Scripture, but excluded the very verse the particular statement had been based on. The result was obscurity and confusion. He who forbids shedding the blood of one Muslim, is like he who forbids shedding the blood of all people.
Source 5. While highlighting the similarities and relation between the Islamic Law and that of the Children of Israel Jews , Muhammad talked of the rules and teachings imposed on the Israelites in the following two verses of Surah On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person — unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land — it would be as if he slew the whole people: And if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.
Then although there came to them Our apostles with clear Signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land. Surah Yusuf Ali. We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal. In both verses the same Arabic verb katabna is used with the same plural personal pronoun in order to stress the divine origin of the teachings.
Further, the prescription in verse 32 is thematically related to the one given in verse 45 because it presents the act of retaliation, which is the major theme of verse 45, as one of the two things that can restrict and annul the rule concerning the link between one person and the whole race with regard to murder in verse And We ordained laws for him in the Tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things … Surah Yusuf Ali 7. In the biblical account, both Abraham and Sarah are said to have laughed upon hearing the promise of a childbirth, finding the annunciation incredible Genesis and Genesis Why did he follow this kind of an odd course?
Before counting the possibilities underlying the lack of the names Cain and Abel in the Islamic scripture, it is noteworthy that this account does not represent the only case where Muhammad skipped the name of a person and preferred linking him to his father even when the son was the main character of a teaching.
More to the point, Surah 11 talks of a certain son of Noah and contends that he refused to follow his father into the ark and consequently drowned in the flood Surah , but conceals the name of this son although he represents a unique case and remarkable role in this particular narrative. In short, keeping the names of certain figures a mystery and identifying them only through their fathers was not an exceptional strategy for Muhammad. The agreement is partly because the other brother is named Qabil in Islamic tradition, which is a modified form of the name Cain.
Allah describes the evil end and consequence of transgression, envy and injustice in the story of the two sons of Adam, Habil and Qabil. One of them fought against the other and killed him out of envy and transgression, because of the bounty that Allah gave his brother and because the sacrifice that he sincerely offered to Allah was accepted. The murdered brother earned forgiveness for his sins and was admitted into Paradise, while the murderer failed and earned a losing deal in both the lives. Why did the Islamic tradition modify the original name Cain into Qabil?
Along the way, Cain finds more questions than answers about the mysterious assassin, who seems to be a ghost.
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As Cain dives deeper into his quest, he starts to wonder about his role within the super secret agency and whether there are those above him who know more than what they appear. After another attempt on his life, he soon learns of the agency's involvement in keeping his memory from him and sets to meet with a man who seems to know everything.
Unfortunately for Cain, Specter showed up first and framed Cain for murder. Now, on the run, he must protect those close to him, while also trying to prove his innocence. In his quest to take down Project Specter, Cain turns to the only man he can trust for help, Eric Raines, a man Specter wants almost as badly as Cain, and a man as equally bent on taking down Specter as he is. Will the rushed recovery period have dire consequences for the super assassin? Despite the concerns of those closest to him, Cain ignores the personal dangers to his health in his quest to find his friend and the last remaining remnants of the previous Specter regime, who are still on the run.
His adventures take him to France, Germany, and back to Honduras, where it all started for him. Will his mission end where it all began? All four books are included in this bundle. CIA Ghost Series. Recruited as a 17 year old, she has over kills to her credit. But ten years of blending in, disappearing, and assassinating targets has taken a toll on her and she'd like to get out. Now, she has a new problem After stealing government secrets, he intends to sell them to the highest bidder.
It's up to Parker, and her new partner, to find him and bring him in Their pursuit takes them all over the world. Every time they get close to nabbing their target, he manages to slip away. She defies orders and is temporarily suspended. While on suspension, she starts enjoying a normal life causing increasing dissatisfaction with her job.
He feels the heat and tries to slow her down by making her choose between two impossible scenarios and the death of someone she cares about. Alex Parker and Jim Cole are back for another assignment, this time dealing with a highly sought after Russian crime syndicate. As her time at the CIA as one of their top "Ghosts" winds down, a series of events unfolds that makes her question whether she should leave, or remain in the only role she's ever known.
Further complicating matters is her relationship with Ryan Turner, who has also joined the company, and his family. As the trio follow the trail of the Russian crime boss, Darius Yevenko, Parker must come to grips with the fact that she is not the same ruthless assassin she once was. Once they finally get onto Yevenko's trail, Parker sees that the end is near. The final battle is one that has deadly consequences, and one in which everyone may not survive. Though the agency had repeatedly tried to get her to come back for various missions in that time, she always had the same answer.
She wasn't coming back. In her mind, there was only one thing that would ever get her to go back into the field as an agent again. And that was if someone she cared about was in grave danger. Unfortunately for Parker, her worst fears have come true. Jim Cole is missing. While on a mission in Colombia, Cole is supposed to be gathering intel on Santiago Barrios, a leader of a drug cartel, who has been expanding his business to include illegal arms dealing in Asia. Once Cole goes missing for several days, he's assumed to be dead or held hostage.
And there's one person they know will find him. Alex Parker. The Silencer Series. Little does he know--it'll also be his last. Barely surviving an attack on his life, Smith lays low for six months until he returns to the United States.